Willamette National Forest boasts of a dynamic landscape influenced by nature, communities around it, and the people who work around. The forest is located on the top of the cascades and its distinct landscape yields enough supply of energy, timber, and recreational opportunities to meet your need for adventure.
Here is a detailed guide on Willamette’s history, things to do, and how much it costs to take a trip to this forest.
History and Culture of Willamette National Forest
The Willamette National Forest has a vast 1.7 million acres and was established during the President Franklin Roosevelt’s era. The forest is named after Willamette River, which begins on the forest. In 1907, the president created 16 million acres of federal forests. During that time, Roosevelt gave the reserves new names. The Cascade Reserve was renamed to Cascade National Forest and was divided among Umpqua, Cascadia, and Oregon National Forests.
In 1911, the Cascade and Santiam National Forests were created. Both these forests later became the Willamette National Forest in 1933. The state and county officials were against the creation of the reserves. It was not until the 1920s when the National Forests Congress required the forest service to make payments from forest revenues.
The amount they got from timber sales were low. There was significant tree cutting on the Willamette National Forest in the 1940s when the World War II broke out.
During the war, timber harvests grew as timber operators had mechanized equipment. The Wilderness Act was passed in 1964; this saw the establishment of three wilderness areas. Congress between 1968 and 1996 created five more wilderness areas.
After the World War II, Americans fished, hiked, and camped at the Willamette National Forest. The forest service modernized campgrounds extended the trail area and built new camping areas. It was not until 1994 when President Clinton created a Northwest Forest plan that saw a reduction in timber harvests. Visitors now require fees for entering special use and wilderness areas. Also, volunteers maintain the trail system in the forest.
Features of Willamette National Forest
The forest has a scenic terrain that runs for 180 km. It has a thriving ecosystem and some of Oregon’s highest peaks. The terrain has dense woodland, lakes, and mountains. Also, the highest point in the forest is Mt Jefferson, which is about 3,200 m above sea level.
It’s dangerous and difficult to climb the mountains, but you can capture its glory from a distance. The three sisters and Mt Washington turn white with snow from late October to April. Lake Waldo is near the center of the forest and offers activities like hiking, cycling, and horseback riding.
You can also rent a boat from a nearby campground or swim in the crystal clear water. Go waterskiing in the Big Lake area or the Blue River Reservoir. Visiting these areas gives you an incredible view of the waterfalls of the Mckenzie Travel Corridor.
You can register for guided hikes two weeks in advance in the Sweet Home District. The trails of the forest are have Douglas fir Trees used for timber. Mountain hemlock, western white pine, Pacific yew, and western red cedar also make up these dense forests.
The forest is accessible from cities of Eugene, Salem, and Albany. You can also access it via the four US highway routes 22, 126, 58, and 20.
Things to Do
The forest is a vast park featuring a thriving wildlife eco-system and Oregon’s highest peaks. Willamette has lots of recreational activities, and its location makes it ideal for vacationers and day-trippers. Here are some things to do when you visit the forest.
Go for a Hike
Willamette Forest has over 1,000 miles of trail. Although most of the trails are in deserted areas, you can still access low-elevation trails throughout the year. Three trails have act as National Recreation Trails. South Breitenbush Gorge trail is 60 miles east of Salem. You can access McKenzie and Fall Creek River Trails which are 50 miles of Eugene.
Furthermore, you can visit wilderness areas which are near mountain peaks in the cascades. Although you might find information on the length and difficulty of wilderness trails online, this won’t prepare you enough for such an experience. It’s essential to have a compass and a detailed map if you plan on accessing the wilderness trails.
Explore Dispersed Camping
The forest has more than 60 developed campgrounds that offer unique experiences. Unlike the typical camping experience, Willamette provides a dispersed or a primitive kind of camping experience. You can camp for up to 2 weeks out of every two months on the forest.
Touring on Bicycles
Mckenzie and Middle Fork Ranger Districts have mountain biking trails. You can find a few trails on the Sweet Home and Detroit Ranger Districts. Most people enjoy taking a bike ride with a stopover at day use sites and forest campgrounds. You’ll need to plan your route ahead of time and take caution on forest roads.
Check the local conditions and check with cycling clubs for suggested routes. Cascade Cream Puff and Cycle Oregon mile Race are biking events that take place each year on the forest. But, you’ll need a permit to take part in these events.
The forest also allows auto and motorcycling. Driving a car gives you views of the three sisters, Mt. Washington, and Mt. Jefferson. The pull-offs on the byways offer rare attractions including points of historical, cultural, and geological interest.
Go For a Picnic
There are plenty of options for a family picnic whether you’re looking for a sheltered area or a secluded, quiet spot. You can also find group picnic sites that are only available on a first come, first served basis.
Detroit Lake has an option for a group picnic area. It also has swimming access, and you can explore the nearby shoreline trails. You’ll have access to restrooms, tables, and a parking area.
Nonetheless, you need to prepare to pack out trash as garbage services may not be available in some areas. Areas like Paradise Day Use and Salt Creek Falls Observation Site provide access to biking and hiking trails. Specific sites offer cover during rainy weather while some with viewpoints and boat launches offer day use picnic sites.
Explore Scenic Routes
The forest has spectacular scenery for visitors. You’ll find points of historical, geological, and cultural interest along the scenic routes. Some of these designated routes include McKenzie Pass-Santiam Pass, Clackamas-Breitenbush Road, West Cascades National Scenic Byway, Quartzville Backcountry Byway, Over the River-Through the Woods Scenic Byway, and Diamond Drive.
Participate in Winter Sports
The forest has two winter recreation areas for winter sports. You can find activities like snowboarding, skiing, skiing, and snowmobiling.
Pricing at the WillametteNational Forest
In Oregon, national forest recreations sites need a day use fee. You may also require a pass to access specific areas. To visit Mckenzie River National recreation trail, you’ll need a pass that costs $8.
The Middle Fork Ranger District will require a permit that costs $14, which is the same cost as the Detroit Ranger District. If you visit during winter, you’ll need a $14 Willamette winter recreation pass. An annual Northwest Forest pass will cost you $30 annually.
Having an annual pass allows you to save money, access the forest in a private vehicle, and use the recreation facilities at per-person sites. However, the pass is non-transferable, and you need to display the pass on the rear-view mirror in the vehicle.
Must Know Facts about Willamette National Forest
National forest reserves have specific rules that visitors must adhere to. Some of these facts include:
Collecting and Fishing is not allowed
Collection of forest items like fir boughs, bear grass, flowers, or mushrooms is not allowed on the HJ Andrews Experimental Forest. Also, fishing is not allowed in this area. Removing these items can have a negative impact as researchers are studying these organisms. The good news is that you can go fishing in nearby Mckenzie River, Blue River, and the Blue River Reservoir.
Access to Andrews Forest is Limited during winter
Much of the Andrews Forest is inaccessible during the winter months due to the winter buildup. It’s essential to check the current weather conditions and the webcams before you travel. You can stop at the junction of Forest Roads 15 and 1506 if you visit during this time. The display has a short history of the site and a map of the forest.
Entry Permits are required to Access the Wilderness
Willamette National Forest has one-fifth of the land designated as wilderness. You can find major peaks like Mt. Washington, Diamond Peak, Three Fingered Jack, Mt Jefferson, South, Middle, and North Sisters within the wilderness. But, you need an entry permit for the day and overnight trips. You need to get most of the permits in advance as they are a limited entry.
It’s worth noting that mechanized equipment, motorcycles, and mountain bikes are not allowed in the wilderness. You cannot also gather the forest products like minerals, tree, and plant seedlings. Remember to pack out what you packed in when you visit the wilderness.